Thursday, 26 November 2015

International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

Each year the United Nations commemorates November 25 as the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against women. Historically, women have been disadvantaged and in many societies women are treated as second class citizens. Too many Jamaican males see women's bodies as an entitlement for them to do as they wish. Disturbingly, too many women agree with this narrative. We need to critically examine our agents of socialization and find ways for men to see women as equals. The widespread availability of pornography especially among our boys have led to a distorted image of women. This has resulted in more women being at risk for abuse. The homophobic nature of the Jamaican society also contributes to some men becoming violent toward women to hide their sexual orientation and prove their masculinity to others.  Violence against women is wrong.    
·         Violence against women is a human rights violation
·         Violence against women is a consequence of discrimination against women, in law and also in practice, and of persisting inequalities between men and women
·         Violence against women impacts on, and impedes, progress in many areas, including poverty eradication, combating HIV/AIDS, and peace and security
·         Violence against women and girls is not inevitable. Prevention is possible and essential
·         Violence against women continues to be a global pandemic.
35% of women and girls globally experience some form of physical and or sexual violence in their lifetime with up to seven in ten women facing this abuse in some countries.
  • An estimated 133 million girls and women have experienced some form of female genital mutilation/cutting in the 29 countries in Africa and the Middle East where the harmful practice is most common.
  • Worldwide, more than 700 million women alive today were married as children, 250 million of whom were married before the age of 15. Girls who marry before the age of 18 are less likely to complete their education and more likely to experience domestic violence and complications in childbirth.
  • The costs and consequence of violence against women last for generations.
In order for us to have sustainable development we must redouble our efforts to eliminate all acts of violence against our women. 


Thursday, 19 November 2015

International Men,s Day 2015

Today, November 19, the global community will commemorate International Men’s Day. However, in many societies the issues affecting boys and men are not being addressed in a meaningful manner. This is usually so because males are viewed as the stronger sex and are expected to be tough and as such work through their problems in the private sphere.
According to Jerome Teelucksingh, who conceptualized the day in 1999, International Men’s Day is about highlighting discrimination against men and boys, promoting gender equality and celebrating the contributions of men and boys to community and family.
The theme for this year’s IMD is “working to expand reproductive options for men”. It is expected that this year’s theme will encourage discussion on ways to enhance cooperation in addressing reproductive issues that affect men such as, safe sexual practices, family planning and sexual health.
According to the manual on Adolescent Reproductive Health Issues (August 2004) the mean age at which boys in Jamaica have their first sexual experience is 12.4 years. The same source added that by age eighteen years over 60 per cent of young men have had sexual intercourse.
Early sexual activity often leads to reproductive and health challenges in a significant number of males.  Adolescence is a period of sexual exploration and curiosity and in a number of instances (young) men enter sexual relations in order to prove their manhood usually without the use of contraceptive methods (condoms).
Boys for the most part are socialized to be rough and tough and unfortunately this gender stereotype runs counter to the notion of men seeking medical care and attention. As men we usually wait and wait until the pain has become unbearable and intolerable before we seek out medical care. This tendency certainly has negative implications for the quality of life for our men. A male who readily seeks medical attention is not viewed favourably by other males and indeed the wider society as this is not considered as manly or macho. As a result many men suffer in silence from various health issues, a significant part of this suffering also impacts the mental status of our men. Men are always the last to go and talk with a counsellor or psychiatrist because of pride and the male ego.  The issue of positive role models for our young men to emulate cannot be overstated. Positive male leadership is woefully lacking across all sectors of the Jamaican society. Our institutions of socialization, namely the school and church have failed our young men in terms of providing positive role models for our boys to emulate.
Our female dominated schools and classrooms provide very little avenue for our males to be mentored and or emulate male leadership.  With more and more families being headed by females there has been and continues to be the urgent need for men of good character and standing in the society to mentor our boys. A mother cannot teach her son how to be a man.
Promoting gender equality must include examining those specific issues affecting and impacting men separate and apart from those of women. Our boys continue to under-perform and under achieve at all levels of the education system in the society from the primary to the tertiary level.  Disturbingly this trend will likely continue for some time if it is that as a society are boys do not feel a sense of security and safety in the space they occupy and manoeuvre on a daily basis. 
We seriously need to revisit our national gender policy with the aim of ensuring that neither sex is being disadvantaged. On this very important day let us celebrate our collective masculinity while at the same time recognizing our differences as men. Let us recommit and regain our roles in our families as we work towards improving gender relations and promote unity in the Jamaican society.
Wayne Campbell is an educator and social commentator with an interest in development policies as they affect culture and or gender issues.